Gas mileage, also known as fuel economy, is the efficiency rate at which a car burns fuel and is measured in miles per gallon (MPG). The way you drive your car influences your gas mileage, and squeezing more miles out of each gallon means you spend less money on fuel while reducing gas emissions that affect climate change. There are several ways or tips to lessen the number of times you visit the pump, and some of these ways will make a massive difference in helping you save gas and money.
1. Drive Slower
This can be an unwelcome solution to some people and not the most fun, but it will help you get better gas mileage from your ride. You can achieve better fuel economy by keeping your highway speed at 65 MPH or less. Slowing down is one of the most controllable and most manageable ways to save gas. However, driving slow can sometimes be unrealistic so try to do it as much when you can because the faster you drive, the more fuel you use.
Additionally, avoid unnecessary hard braking or acceleration as aggressive driving and braking decrease your gas mileage on a highway speed.
2. Changing your Air Filter
Changing your air filter regularly is essential because dirty air filters usually clog the injector, resulting in severe issues for your vehicle. After every 10000 miles to 15000 miles, change your filter because a dirty filter increases your fuel consumption by approximately 10%. However, for newly developed cars, the computer systems can detect low air flow and cut back on fuel. This will cause your car engine to lack power and pick-up, so you will know when to change.
As with the pressure, check your air filter as you change your oil and replace it annually or biannually if you drive on dirty and dusty roads.
3. Use Cruise Control
When driving, you cannot continuously maintain your throttle position, which means you are consuming more gas than need be. When on highways, use more of your cruise control since maintaining constant speeds improves gas mileage.
4.Ensuring Your Tires Have the Right Pressure
Your vehicle continually battles against gravity and friction on the road, so you ought to make its rolling resistance as low as possible. Ensure you keep your tires at the recommended pressure according to your vehicle's manual or on the driver's door jamb and check and adjust appropriately monthly. This is essential because if you have a low- tire pressure, it will result in low fuel efficiency because of the friction your tires create with the road.
The low air pressure also results in premature tire wear, so ensure you use a digital pressure gauge to check your tire pressure. You can also ask your mechanic to check your tire pressure every time you get a motor oil change or find any tire store, and they'll check for you free of charge.
5. Keep your Car Aligned
Lack of alignment on your vehicle is one of the things that will increase your fuel costs and, as a result, cost you a lot of money every year. To check your alignment at home, buy a tread depth gauge, and measure the tread depth on both edges of each tire, even the rear ones. If one side of your tire is more worn out than the others, it means your car needs to be aligned.
Always ensure your tires are correctly aligned to maximize the miles per gallon of your car and, as a result, get better gas mileage.
6. Lighten the Load
You can reduce drag by lightening your load because, for every 10 pounds(4.54kg), the fuel efficiency decreases by up to 2%. Therefore, avoid heavy loading cargo on the roof of your car as this increases the aerodynamic drag and, as a result, reduces fuel efficiency. Whether it's the weight of the spare tire on the roof racks or the golf clubs or the weight of your box of tools, please get rid of everything unnecessary from your trunk to have it easier on the road and thus more fuel efficiency. Besides, you can pack everything you need in your car instead of in the giant roof rack.
7. Change your Spark Plugs
Your spark plug needs to be firm with exact timings, and the fuel and air amounts need to be exact if you are going to get the best out of your engine combustion. A poor spark could negatively affect your fuel economy as well as how your vehicle drives.
8. Don't Idle
Try to reduce your idle time to less than one minute because letting your idle time run longer means more gas is used, and yet you can drive the car to warm the engine to the operating temperature. New cars have tried to solve this issue by switching off the engine when the car stops and restarting it when the gas pedal is depressed. Idling uses a quarter to half a gallon of your gas per hour, depending on the air conditioner use and the engine size.
9. Observe the Speed Limits
Speed limits are there to make sure drivers are safe and practicing safe driving habits, but they can also improve your fuel efficiency. Always make sure you observe the speed limit, as speeding will only hurt your fuel economy. Reducing highway speeds can help you get the most out of your gas tank and increasing the economy.
10. Replace the Oxygen Sensor
An oxygen sensor is responsible for monitoring how efficient the combustion is by tracking the exhaust's oxygen level. It is vital to replace the oxygen sensors before the warning light on the dashboard goes on because this forces you to incur a diagnostic fee.
11. Turn Off the AC
Running your cars' air conditioner in high temperatures while driving is not a good thing to practice as it decreases your vehicles' fuel economy by over 25%. Driving with your windows down doesn't give you a better mileage as driving at high speeds with the windows down creates drag and decreases gas mileage.
Additional Tips on How to Get Better Mileage
- Keep track of your visit to the pump.
- Buy low rolling resistance tires to add up to miles to your mileage.
- Don't wait until your fuel tank is empty.
- Park in the shade to reduce gas evaporation
Frequently Asked Questions
1. At what speed do you have the most excellent fuel efficiency?
According to the Energy Savings Trust, the best speed for fuel economy is 55-65mph.
2. Which maintenance can maximize fuel economy?
To achieve maximum fuel economy, regularly check engine, brakes, check your gas cap, filters, spark replacements, and make any necessary changes often.